Lunglei District is located in the southern part of Mizoram. It is bounded by Siaha on the South – East, Lawngtlai District on the South-West, Serchhip District on North-East, Mamit District on the North- West and Hnahthial District on the East. It shares international border with Bangladesh on the West.
Lunglei District occupies more or less the central part of Mizoram, the national Highwas 2 coming from Manipur via Seling and Serchhip passes through the town which links Aizawl the state capital of Mizoram at a distance of 235 kms. Another route named World Bank road originating from Aizawl via Thenzawl town also links Lunglei at a distance of 164 kms.
Location : 22030’ N – 23018’ N latitude
92015’ E – 93010’ E longitude
Altitude 1222 metres.
Area and Administrative Division:
Lunglei Town is the second largest settlement of Mizoram and the district headquarters of Lunglei District is located in the south – central part of Mizoram. Lunglei Town is located between longitudes 920 42’ 45” E – 92050’05” E and latitudes 22048’ 18” N to 22056’55” N, falling within the Survey of India topographical maps No. 84B/09 and 84B/13. The total geographical area of Lunglei town, spanning from Thaizawl in the south to Kawmzawl in the north, and Hauruang in the west including Vanhne in the north-west to Zobawk in the east is 55.08 sq.km in terms of dimensions.
The district had been devided in to two Sub-Divisoons and also devided into three Rural Development Blocks as below:-
- Lunglei Sub-Division
- Tlabung Sub-Division
Three R.D Blocks:
- Lunglei R. D Block : 1,117. 06 sq.km
- Lungsen R. D Block : 1,046. 29 sq.km
- Bunghmun R.D Block : 1,389. 26 sq. km
- Total Area of the District : 3,552. 61 sq.km
The Climate of Mizoram as a whole, is controlled by its locations, physiographic, preassure regime in the North-West India and Bay of Bengal, local mountain and valleys winds. In addition, the Chin Hills, Arakan Yoma Hill Tracts and Chittagong Hill Tracts also play an important role in shapping the climatic comdition of the State. The Climate of Mizoram is of Tropical Monsoon Type,. So, Lunglei District enjoys a moderate climate owing to its tropical location. It is neither very nor too cold throughout the year. The District falls under the direct influence of the south west monsoon. As such the area receives and adequate quantity of rainfall which is responsible for a humid tropical climate characterized by short winter and long summer with heavy rainfall.
Heavy rainfall generally start from the second part of May and this heavy downpour usually ends in the first part of October. The total amount of rainfall increases at the rate of 8. 53 mm per year.
In the case of Lunglei town, during the period of 32 years, total annual rainfall is highest in 2000 (5554mm) and lowest in 2008 (1742.5mm). The average rainfall received every year is 3204.73mm.
Geologoy of the District.
Lunglei District occupies the mid way between the northern and southern region of the state and is within the tropical region hich can be proved that Tropic of Cancer 230 N passes through the Hmuifang village which is about 50 kms away from the state capital. The rocks formation represents a monotonous sedimentary sequence of argillaceous and arenaceous rocks of Surma group. The sedimentary are mainly represented by sandstones, Siltstones, shales and their intermixtures in different proportions. The formations are folded into almost N-S trending doubly pluging anticlines and correspomdimg synclines, and affected by longitudinal, oblique and transverse faults of varying magnitudes.
Topography of Lunglei District:
The general topograophy of Lunglei District varies widely. While the eastern and northern parts of the district are charactaeised by a rather hilly terrain with high and prominent relief, the western and south western parts of the district, on the other hand is portrayed by comparatively low and less prominent ridges. There are, as a whole is characterized mainly by several ridge lines and intervening valleys.
The western flank of the district bordering Bangladesh is characretrized by several low undulating hillocks with varying dimensions. The western boundary of the district is formed by Sazuk lui (Bara Harina Chhara) until it joints the Karnaphuli River. Sazuk lui originates in the north-west side of the district near Saisen village, and flows towards southern direction for about 50 kms before it ultimately empties itself into the Karnaphuli River. The other half of the western boundary, i.e the south western boundary of the district, on the other hand, is formed by another two major rivers. Tuichawng river, which enter the district from Chawngte village flows towards north and forms the south-western boundary for about 25 km, before it flows inside the district. The Khawthlangtuipui (Karnaphuli) river is one of the most important rivers within the district. The total length of the Khawthlangtuipui River within the district is about 34 kilometers.
The western and southern parts of the District are characreterized by linear ridges which run more or less parallel to one another. The hills in this areas are generally low dissected, undulating and low relief. The ridges are long and slender and separated by wide valleys and small hills. One ridge starts from the south of Chawilung village which extend towards north for a distance of about 15 km. This ridge passes through Chawilung. Hmunthar and Zohmun villages, and is terminated by the Karnaphuli River. This ridge is locally named Puankhai Tlangdung.
To the east of this Puankhai Tlangdung runs Tuilianpui or Sazai lui which enters the study area from the Mamit district near Mar “S” village. On the eastern side of this ridge, flows Kau Lui which originates from Thorang tlang in the north. To the north Kau Lui, extends a long ridge towards north which starts from Tleu tlang near Tleu village. This ridge passes through Kawnpui and Darngawn villages. The eastern side of this ridge is bounded by Tut (Gutur) river. The north-west boundary of the District is formed by Mar Lui which enters the town area from Mamit District.
Chhintuipui (Kolodyne) river is one of the most important rivers within the district. It enters the district from Myanmar and flows in the nort-west direction. The total length of the river within the ditsirtc is measured to be 77 kilometres.